Research finds both red and white meat have identical effects on blood cholesterol compared to plant-based foods. This is regardless of the diet having high levels of saturated fats.
The research was led by scientists at Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI). The study (Animal and Plant Protein and Cardiovascular Health) also concluded that consumption of high amounts of saturated fats increased concentrations of large cholesterol- enriched LDL particles which have a weaker link to heart disease than smaller LDL particles.
Krauss a professor of medicine said, ‘Nonmeat proteins such as vegetables, dairy, and legumes, such as beans, show the best cholesterol benefit.’
“Our results indicate that current advice to restrict red meat and not white meat should not be based only on their effects on blood cholesterol,” Krauss said. “Indeed, other effects of red meat consumption could contribute to heart disease, and these effects should be explored in more detail in an effort to improve health.”
Materials provided by University of California – San Francisco. Original written by Lorna Fernandes. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
1. Nathalie Bergeron, Sally Chiu, Paul T Williams, Sarah M King, Ronald M Krauss. Effects of red meat, white meat, and nonmeat protein sources on atherogenic lipoprotein measures in the context of low compared with high saturated fat intake: a randomized controlled trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2019; DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz035